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PARKING LOT SAFETY
               

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Many of us use parking lots daily, taking safety in these areas for granted. We often believe because we are traveling at such low speeds, accidents are unlikely to occur.

Parking lots are actually very dangerous and vulnerable places for both pedestrians and drivers alike. They are one of the likeliest places for fender benders to occur because individuals are least concentrated on driving and more focused on finding a parking space. Safety measures are regularly overlooked, leaving other drivers and pedestrians at a high risk for being injured by a moving vehicle.

 

According to a report published by the U.S. Department of Transportation, in 2005:

  • 9,650,000 vehicles were involved in a single or two-vehicle crash
  • Of these accidents, almost 300,000 were attributed to vehicle maneuvers commonly found in parking lots:
    • 27,000 accidents occurred while entering a parking space
    • 198,000 were caused while backing up
    • 65,000 were caused while leaving a parking space.

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According to the National Safety Council, traffic death rates are three times greater at night than during daylight hours

Older drivers have greater difficulties seeing at night. A 50 year-old driver may need twice as much light to see as well as a 30 year-old (Source:http://www.roadandtravel.com/safetyandsecurity/2007/night-driving.htm)

According to the 2007 Not-in-Traffic Surveillance (NiTS) system, an estimated 1,159 fatalities and 98,000 injuries occurred in nontraffic crashes such as single-vehicle crashes on private roads, collisions with pedestrians on driveways, and two-vehicle crashes in parking facilities

  • About half (614 of 1,159 of the nontraffic crash fatalities and about a third (34,000 of 98,000) of the nontraffic crash injuries involved nonoccupants such as pedestrians or bicyclists. Backovers, where drivers reverse into and injure or kill nonoccupants, accounted for 19% of the nontraffic crash fatalities and 14% of the injuries (Source:http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/DOT/NHTSA/NCSA/Content/NiTS/811085.pdf)

Those using mobile phones while driving are four times more likely to crash (Source:http://www.dft.gov.uk/think/focusareas/invehiclesafety/mobilephones?page=Overview&whoareyou_id=)

In 2001, over 1.1 million crashes occurred on wet pavement, resulting in nearly 5,400 deaths and 511,000 injuries

Australian research into the effects of rain on the traffic volume in Melbourne and surroundings found that, after correction for traffic volume, there was an average crash rate increase of 2.4%. During the night when it was raining, the crash rate even increased by 5.2% (Keay & Simmonds, 2005)*

Canadian research in the 1979 - 1983 period found a 75% higher crash rate during rainfall. This increase was particularly sharp during the first hours of rainfall (Andrey & Yagar, 1991)*

Swiss research of driving speed and crash rate during rainfall, after correction for exposure, found that during rainy daylight hours, in spite of slower driving, the crash rate was 2.5 times larger on non-motorways and 5 times larger on motorways (Thomas, 1993). At night-time, these crash rates again more than doubled, to 6 times and 11 times larger respectively*

German research during the 1970s also showed that the wet, night-time crash rate was nearly twice as large as that during wet, daylight hours (Brühning et al., 1978)*

*(Source:http://www.swov.nl/rapport/Factsheets/UK/FS_Influence_of_weather.pdf)

 


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Privately Owned Facilities Are Difficult to Patrol

There are only a handful of traffic violiations law enforcement can enforce on private parking facilities:

  • Driving under the influence
  • Driving under suspension
  • Leaving the scene of an accident

Speeding violations or dangerous driving behavior is not always subject to ticketing. As such, adequate measures must be taken in order to ensure safety in parking facilities.

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Traffic Control Products: Visual Warning Signs vs. Physical Measures

There are a variety of products available in the market that can help increase driver awareness and ensure the safety of both pedestrians and drivers. Two main options are available:

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1. Visual Warning Signs

What They Are:

Advantage:

 

Disadvantage:

Yield or stop signs, flashing lights or pavement markings designed to help direct traffic and increase driver awareness.

They can be installed with ease and in a short amount of time, usually at a very reasonable cost.

Unfortunately, these solutions may not always work in parking facilities. Drivers may not feel obligated to follow these signs, and more importantly, these devices can be added distractions to drivers.

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2. Physical Measures

What They Are:

Advantage:

 

Disadvantage:

Speed bumps, road bumps, or any other physical device installed on the road surface to help control traffic speeds.

These solutions force drivers to travel at the minimum speed, increasing awareness and reaction time in the event of an emergency.

Depending on the material used (typically concrete or asphalt), ideal weather conditions and parking lot closures may be necessary; they can also be costly investments.

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How Can You Increase Safety in Parking Facilities?

GNR Technologies'® recycled rubber traffic safety solutions are physical measures designed to eliminate the hassle and disadvantages commonly associated with concrete or asphalt alternatives. These solutions help to reduce vehicle speeds, but can be installed quickly and easily by 1 person!

GNR's solutions are:

  • Cost-effective:
    • Less expensive to install than asphalt or concrete equivalents (less labor / time required)
    • Low freight costs (lightweight product)
    • No heavy equipment needed to install product
    • Fewer injuries to installers (easy to carry / handle)
    • Minimal damage to vehicles (during transport)
  • Easy-to-Install: requires only a couple of installers, can be done in rain or shine
  • Highly Visible: products include in-molded reflective highway tape, great visibility especially at night
  • Warranted: all GNR's manufactured products are covered under warranty
  • Flexible design: products conform to any road surface
  • Car-friendly: will not damage tires or scratch bumper
  • Easy to Relocate: products can be used for temporary or permanent use; can also be moved or relocated if necessary

Our ready-made recycled rubber products are strongly driven to reduce speeds and protect vehicles from potential damage when driving and parking.

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Easy Rider® Speed Bump

Safety Rider® Mini Hump

     Park-It® Car Stop

         Alley Bump

      Home Park-It®

 

Useful Links About Parking Lot Safety:

  

 


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